We should ask ourselves, do we belong to our mind or does the mind belong to us? If mind belongs to us, we should learn to use it rightly. Mind was given to us so that it can help us in attaining freedom, but it is behaving like owner and giving us instructions to do actions. If we want to fully understand our mind, we will have to eliminate our negative assumption that we are only a small and limited creature and that's our extent or limit. Learn to reject those thoughts that are disturbing to us.
Controlling the mind does not mean stopping the thought process. Control of the mind means using it properly, and knowing the method of using the forces of the mind. It is necessary that we learn to observe, understand, and train the functions of mind at the various levels of consciousness (waking, dreaming, and sleep). Then, eventually, we can experience that Truth which is beyond all of the functions of mind and beyond the levels of waking, dreaming, and deep sleep. Mind cannot be understood by mind itself; it is not possible to understand mind through mind. There is something beyond mind. Beyond means inside at a deeper level and not impossible. Mind cannot work beyond, and we have to go beyond, so we have to drop mind whether it‘s pure, impure or disciplined. Impure mind does not allow us to go to that scategorye. Pure mind gets there, cannot go beyond this and does not disturb us.
We cannot change the external world, and we cannot change the nature of the senses. The instant we wake up, our mind employs our senses because they are there, and they are permanently engaged. It is not possible to avoid the situation. If we have never trained our mind in how to deal with the external world, then there is sure to be confusion. The sages teach that we should develop clarity of mind, and learn not to be distracted by the external confusion or stimulation.
e.g[ There was method of drawing water from a kind of well in which a wheel is pulled by horses or bulls, and it brings up the water. Once a horseman came with his horse and wanted his horse to drink water. That horse was thirsty and wanted to drink water, but the noise scared the horse and it would jump. So, the horseman asked the proprietor to the well, "Will you please stop this noise so my horse can drink?" The proprietor replied, "But if this noise stops then the water will also stop." Same way if we expect the whole world to behave nicely, and think that then we will be able to meditate, forget it! Or if w expect that we'll get some extra-time apart from our daily chores, then we're wrong. We should do meditation while doing our duties towards our family. ]
e.g[ Once there was a business man that met with another person. Another person had a Genie which could do anything within moments. Business man requested the other person to give him that Genie. The other person agreed but warned the business man that if Genie is free, he will kill you, genie should always be busy. Businessman was confident that he has enough work that would make genie busy. As genie was very fast, soon businessman finds it difficult to find another work for genie. Now, the businessman went to a sage to ask for solution. Sage offered the solution to businessman, he asked businessman to instruct genie find a bamboo truck and then whenever he is free, he should ascend and descend that bamboo; as this never going to finish. Same way, our mind is like genie who always wanted to be pre-occupied. ]
All thoughts in sub-conscious are like seeds which have the capacity to germinate. If we water the seed by thinking of the thought it will grow; otherwise if we just observe and let it pass then it means that we have not watered the seed and therefore it will die. If an unpleasant thought comes, let it go. Don’t get disturbed. Otherwise, we will lose the constant battle waged by our thoughts. Be friendly to our mind and don’t create animosity toward it. Never identify ourself with our mind, its objects, thoughts, emotions, speech or actions.
When a thought arises in mind, ask yourself if this thought is good for your growth or not. If not then silently tell yourself: “This is not a good thought, let it pass, just become witness.” Witness is observation with non-attachment. e.g Judge punishes thief but not the witness. In other words, do not follow your thoughts/mind.
Techniques to make Mind one-pointed
It would be interesting to know the Mind in terms of Bird. Mind is a bird. Greed and Honor are its 2 wings; Attachment and Hatred are its mouth (chuanj) and it resides on tree named as body. Good (Shubh) and Bad (Ashubh) are its food. The technique to control this mind in terms of Bird: Prepare a cage of Vichar and put this mind inside this cage. (i.e always think about what is not-changable). Cut the wings of greed by using scisor of Veerag and Santokh. Give him the food of rememberance of Atama.
Techniques to control Emotions
If the emotions are not controlled, there is no control at all. Control does not mean suppression of expression; it means regulation and balance within one’s capacity. When mind is made one-pointed and inward, it becomes lost and finds itself incapable of going more subtle levels of inner life without the help of emotional power. In other words, without the help of emotions buddhi/intellect is like a lame man who is not capable of reaching his destination.