Health Therapies > General > How Human Body Works


It would be easier to understand the working of body if we are at-least familiar with the physical systems of the body. All the major system of body are shown below:

Skeletal System:

  • Main Role:

    The main role of the skeletal system is to provide support for the body, to protect delicate internal organs and to provide attachment sites for the organs. It acts as levers for movement.

  • Major Organs:

    Bones, cartilage, tendons and ligaments.

  • Diseases:

    Leukemia, Bursitis, Osteoporosis, Sprains, Fractures, Arthritis, Tendinitis.

Muscular System:

  • Main Role:

    The main role of the muscular system is to provide movement.  Muscles work in pairs to move limbs and provide the organism with mobility.  Muscles also control the movement of materials through some organs, such as the stomach and intestine, and the heart and circulatory system.

  • Major Organs:

    Skeletal muscles and smooth muscles throughout the body.

  • Diseases:

Circulatory System:

  • Main Role:

    The main role of the circulatory system is to transport nutrients, gases (such as oxygen and CO2), hormones and wastes from all body parts.

  • Major Organs:

    Heart, Blood, Blood Vessels, Arteries, Veins, Capillaries.

  • Diseases: Heart problems, Blood, Blood vessels.

Nervous System:

  • Main Role:

    The main role of the nervous system is to relay electrical signals through the body.  The nervous system directs behaviour and movement and, along with the endocrine system, controls physiological processes such as digestion, circulation, etc. 

  • Major Organs:

    Brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves, and organs of sensation.

  • Diseases:

    Blood supply problems, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Multiple sclerosis (MS), Huntington's disease, Meningitis, Epilepsy, Bell's Palsy, Cerebal Palsy, Motor Neurone Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), Neuralgia, Neuritis, Parkinson's Disease, Sciatica, Autism, Low or High blood pressure.

Respiratory System:

  • Main Role:

    The main role of the respiratory system is to provide gas exchange between the blood and the environment.  Primarily, oxygen is absorbed from the atmosphere into the body and carbon dioxide is expelled from the body. Acid-base regulation.

  • Major Organs:

    Nose, Naval cavities, Larynx, Trachea and Lungs.

  • Diseases:

    Lungs, Asthma, Bronchitis, Emphysema, Hay Fever, Pleurisy, Pneumonia, Rhinitis, Tuberculosis, Allergies, Breathlessness, Cold/Flu, COPD, Lung cancer.

Digestive System:

  • Main Role:

    The main role of the digestive system is to breakdown and absorbs nutrients that are necessary for growth and maintenance.

  • Major Organs:

    Mouth, Mouth cavity, Pharynx, Oesophagus, Stomach, Small and Large intestines, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, and Salivary glands.

  • Diseases:

    Appendicitis, Cirrhosis of the liver, Jaundice, Heartburn (also known as "pyrosis"), Hernia, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Ulcer, Appendicitis, Bowel Obstruction, Celiac Disease, Constipation, Crohn's Disease, Diarrhea, Gallstones, Heartburn/GERD, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Blood in Stool, Gas and Bloating, Stomach Cancer, Stomach Ulcers, Hiccups, Cirrhosis.

Excretory System:

  • Main Role:

    The main role of the excretory system is to filter out cellular wastes, toxins and excess water or nutrients from the circulatory system.

  • Major Organs:

    Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder and Urethra.

  • Diseases:

Endocrine System:

  • Main Role:

    The main role of the endocrine system is to relay chemical messages through the body.  In conjunction with the nervous system, these chemical messages help control physiological processes such as nutrient absorption, growth, etc.

  • Major Organs:

    Many glands exist in the body that secrete endocrine hormones.  Among these are the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, pancreas and adrenal glands.

  • Diseases:

    Hypo, Hyper problems for all the 7 endocrine glands.

Reproductive System:

  • Main Role:

    The main role of the reproductive system is to manufacture cells that allow reproduction.  In the male, sperm are created to inseminate egg cells produced in the female.

  • Major Organs:

    Female (top): Ovaries, Fallopian tubes, Uterus, Vagina, External genitalia, Mammary glands.

    Male (bottom): Testes, Seminal vesicles, Penis, Prostate and External genitalia. 

  • Diseases:

    Infertility, Menopause, Osteoporosis, PMS, Uterine Fibroids, Yeast Infections, Prostate.
 

Integumentary System:

  • Main Role:

    Protection against invasion from outside, dehyrdation, injury and temperature regulation.

  • Major Organs:

    Skin and appendages (Skin, Hair, Nails, Glands).

  • Major Diseases:
 

Immune System:

  • Main Role:

    The main role of the immune system is defence against foreign cells, micro-organisms, parasites, and viruses. The lymphatic system also return fluid to circulation, clearing of dead dead cells from the body.

  • Major Organs:

    Lymph, Lymph nodes and Vessels, White blood cells, T- and B- cells, Thymus and Spleen.

  • Diseases:

    Allergy, Autoimmune Diseases.

 

 

How the Mind, Body, and Soul co-ordinate

We are not physical beings, we are Souls. Everything that happens in our life, and everything that happens in our body, begins with something happening in mental realm first. Soul gives energy to mind; Mind controls senses, breath, and body. A thorough discussion of how soul, mind and body work together begins with an overview of our nervous and endocrine systems and how these two interact with each other. Basically, the major systems of our bodies are: Endocrine Glands and Nervous System. These systems alone take care of all functions within the body, but Hypothalamus is even more important because it is the link between endocrine glands and nervous system.

Hypothalamus

It regulates all life-sustaining bodily functions, the autonomic nervous system, endocrine system, and the pituitary (the body’s master gland). The hypothalamus is also responsible for our body’s biological clock. It receives information from all of the sense organs and sends the same to pineal by the way of light. Pineal is responsible for releasing one of the most important hormones, Melatonin and it is Pineal that instructs hypothalamus which in turn uses autonomic nervous system and endocrine glands to affect the behavior of all of the major organs.

Endocrine System

It uses blood circulatory system to accomplish the same thing as nervous system does. Nervous system operates at lightning speed, while endocrine system generally works more slowly to create changes in biochemistry. Endocrine system regulates physical and chemical processes involved in the overall maintenance of life (metabolism), as well as the varying rates of chemical reactions with each of our cells. It does this by secreting chemical messengers called hormones directly into blood stream. Once in blood stream, these chemical messengers circulate to all parts of body and affect certain specific target cells that are capable to decoding their messages. The endocrine system consists of 7 glands (corresponding to 7 Chakras): Pineal (Seat of Soul), Pituitary (Seat of Mind), Thyroid, Parathyroid, Thymus, Adrenals, Pancreas, and Gonads.

Pineal Gland

It is part of endocrine system but is listed as separate because of its importance. It is the regulator of regulators. The ability of pineal to determine whether it is light or dark outside, and thus tell the body when to work and when to rest, allows our biological rhythms to occur smoothly.

Our body has large number of biological clocks of 24 hours and the master biological clock is being controlled by pineal gland. Biological Clock mechanism is in fact not an internal one but actually a follower of the dynamic & rhythmic fluctuations in the Solar System Interplanetary Electromagnetic Field Matrix (SSIEFM) and the rhythmically pulsating Geomagnetic Field of the Earth (GMF). So, in other words, Pineal is our “light meter” so to speak, and receives information from the heavens above (Sunlight), to give us that sense of oneness with the universe, and from the Earth’s electromagnetic field (Earth) below to keep us grounded. A perfect balance is necessary to maintain our health, and to keep us in harmony with the environment. This is the reason that Sunlight and Grounding is most important for health due to their relationship with pineal gland.

The pineal gland accomplishes this by utilizing light-related messages, which it receives from the eyes and skin. Main component involved in receiving light are eyes. When even a single photon of light enters the eye, it lights up the entire brain. Light exposure to the retina is first relayed to the suprachiasmatic nucleus (thalamus - part of hypothalamus) and then pineal takes the decision and release a very powerful hormone, melatonin and at the same time sends out hormonal messages to hypothalamus which in turn controls nervous system and endocrine system; both of which are body's drivers.

The secretion of melatonin follows a regular daily rhythm. It is release in response to darkness, reaching its highest level in the middle of the night and its lowest level during the day. Once released, melatonin not only directly affects the body’s biological clock but, by being secreted directly into the blood, also has a much more widespread effect. Thus pineal gland acts both as a gland, secreting its hormones directly into the blood, and as organ, by way of this direct pineal-to-brain connections. Melatonin secreted in response to darkness can be found everywhere in body and affects all bodily functions.

But pineal gland is active till the age of 5 or 7. It has been noted in tests that daytime levels of melatonin tend to be low and constant throughout life; nighttime levels tend to vary substantially with age. Between birth and 1 year of age, nighttime levels rise significantly, remaining exaggerated until age five. From age 5 to 15 nighttime levels gradually drop off, maintaining a fairly uniform rhythm throughout adulthood. In old age (85+ years), the rhythm diminishes greatly.

Nervous System

Nervous system uses sensory receptors, nerves, and brain to monitor and control well-being of all of cells. It is composed of 2 parts:

  • Central nervous system: It includes the brain and spinal cord. The central nervous system regulates rapidly changing activities such as skeletal movements, smooth muscle contractions, and many glandular secretions.
  • Peripheral nervous system: It is composed of nerves that extend outside of the central nervous system and nerve networks throughout the body. The peripheral nervous system can be sub-divided into:
    • Somatic nervous system: It is responsible for voluntary movement and action.
    • Autonomic nervous system: It is responsible for controlling involuntary functions such as certain aspects of heartbeat, respiration, digestion, blood pressure. It can be sub-divided into:
      • Sympathetic nervous system: It controls the body’s response to emergencies. In other words, it supports body during times of action and movement. When this system is aroused, a number of things begin to occur: heart and breathing rates increase, digestion slows or stops, pupils dilate and we begin to sweat.
      • Parasympathetic nervous system: It functions to counter the sympathetic system. After a crisis or danger has passed, this system helps to calm the body. In other words, it aids in rebuilding and rejuvenating. E.g Heart & breathing rates slow, digestion resumes, pupil contract & sweating ceases.

        A diagram of the autonomic nervous system. The parasympathetic division is shown on the left, the sympathetic division on the right. Roman numerals refer to cranial nerves.


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